How do I Grind My Coffee? What Equipment do I need? What Grind Level?
When it comes to making the perfect cup of coffee, the grind size matters. Master your grinding to extract the best flavors from your specialty coffee - otherwise why spend the money! Get yourself a good quality grinder that keeps the beans cool while grinding and churns out a consistent even grind.
Choose A Grinder - Blade vs Burr Grinder
There are two types of grinder popular for home use - the coffee mill (aka burr grinder) and the more common bladed grinder. The burr grinder (some have grind settings) grinds coffee beans into a nice consistent grind using two burrs, or serrated discs. A bladed grinder, on the other hand, has a two-sided single blade that spins and chops coffee beans resulting in a pretty inconsistent grind and can potentially burn your coffee.
To give you a head start, check out our basic guidelines on different grind levels associated with some of the most popular brewing methods. Adjust marginally for your personal taste.
Extra coarse grind similar to ground peppercorns. The Cold Brew method typically has the longest extraction time, therefore using an extra-coarse grind allows for extracting smooth and subtle flavors.
French Press & Percolators:
Coarse grind similar to sea salt. Percolators and French Press brewers strike a chord with many traditionalists coffee drinkers who don’t fancy complicated coffee makers to make tasty coffee. Because percolators brew coffee at a high temperature and cycle the coffee multiple times, a coarse grind helps reduces the surface area of coffee exposed to hot water during the cycle and minimizes the acidity in your final cup.
Chemex and Automatic Drip Coffee Machines
The Chemex coffee maker and auto-drip coffee machine favor a medium coarse grind. The automatic drip machine, one of the most popular household coffee equipments, makes coffee convenient and quick. Auto-drip coffee machines use two different type of filters - cone-shaped and flat-bottom filters. The shape of the filter and filter basket in affects how long the water passes through the coffee. The cone-shape means less time, thus a medium fine grind is best while with the flat-bottom, coffee will be immersed in water for longer, so start with a medium grind.
Pour-Over Cones & Siphon Brewers
Siphoned brewers and most cone-shaped pour-over drippers (like Hario V60, Kalita Wave, Bee house) a medium fine grind is best. Pour over grind size can be a bit tricky because the grind not only affects the overall flavor, but it also determines the brew time. The siphon brewers are basically a cross between immersion and drip brewers.
Espresso, Mokha Pot
Fine grind similar to granulated sugar. Travelled to Europe, then you have likely enjoyed a Moka Pot coffee. To make a tasty cup on this classic brewer, start with a fine grind to best extract all those wonderful flavors from your coffee.
Turkish Coffee (Ibrik)
An extra-fine grind is needed for Turkish Coffee – it should feel and look like flour.
Tinker away and brew your best cup of coffee!